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情绪的高分描写技巧

2020-12-09 11:20:15心情的文章访问手机版453

情绪的高分描写技巧

1

题型介绍

1.任务要求

提供一段 350 词以内的语言材料,要求学生依据该材料内容、所给段落开头语和所标示关键词进行续写,将其发展成一篇与所给材料有逻辑衔接、情节和结构完整的短文(150 词左右)。

2.考查目标

读后续写是一种将阅读与写作紧密结合的综合性语言测试。教育部考试中心刘庆思、陈康老师于 2016 年指出,读后续写主要关注学生以下四个方面的能力:

把握短文关键信息和语言特点的能力。学生需要了解所给短文的主要内容,清楚其关键词和语言结构的使用情况,并通过续写短文表现出来。

语言运用的准确性和丰富性。学生能准确、恰当地使用所学词汇和语言结构,还能够根据内容需要使用较多、较复杂的词汇和语言结构。

对语篇结构的把控能力。学生需要掌握上下文逻辑关系,所续写的短文与所给短文及段落开头语之间要有连贯性,所续写的短文内语句要连贯、有序。

创造性思维能力。学生所续写的短文要具有较丰富的内容,包含详细和生动的情景、态度和感情描述。

2

情绪描写之笑

smile brightly; laugh; beam; light (sth) up; light up with; burst into laughter; burst out laughing;wear a bright/broad smile; give sb a smile

学一学:

beam: smile very happily

例:获胜者满意地笑了。

译法一:The winner beamed/smiled with satisfaction.

译法二:The winner wore a satisfied smile on his face.

light up: if someone’s face or eyes light up, they show pleasure, excitement etc

light up with:His eyes lit up with laughter.

Her face lit up with pleasure.

light sth up: to make someone’s face or eyes show pleasure or excitement

Suddenly a bright smile lit up her face/eyes.

练一练:

看到直升飞机,Jane 高兴地笑了起来。

【答案一】:At the sight of the helicopter, Jane beamed with wild joy.

【答案二】:Seeing the helicopter, Jane beamed with wild joy.

【答案三】:The moment she caught sight of the helicopter, Jane’s eyes/ face lit up with delight.

【答案四】:The moment she caught sight of the helicopter, a bright smile lit up Jane’s face/eyes.

判断正误:Seeing the helicopter, a bright smile lit up her face.

【答案】:错 seeing 和a bright smile 逻辑不一致。

3

情绪描写之高兴激动

V. dance; whistle; jump/leap with joy; feel a surge ofhappiness/delight/joy/excitement; be overcome with happines/delight/joy/excitement;(one’s eyes) twinkle;(one’s heart) beat/pound wildly

Adj. happy; delighted; overjoyed; excited; thrilled; wild with joy

练一练:

当她知道考试结果时,她兴奋极了。

【答案一】:When she knew the result of the test, she felt excited/ thrilled.

【答案二】:When she knew the result of the test, her eyes twinkled with excitement.

【答案三】:When she knew the result of the test, her heart was pounding with wild joy.

【答案四】:When she knew the result of the test, a wild excitement took hold of her.

【答案五】:Knowing the result of the test, she felt a surge of excitement.

【答案六】:Knowing the result of the test, she was overcome with excitement.

4

情绪描写之生气

feel/get angry/furious; feel a surge of anger(rage/fury); eyes blaze; storm out of/into/off ; storm(say angrily);

sth. makes sb’s blood boil(sth makes sb extremely angry); clasp one’s hands; clench one’s fists/teeth; speechless

练一练:

Sam 感到非常生气。

【答案一】:Sam felt very angry.

【答案二】:Sam stood rooted to the spot, his eyes blazing with anger.

【答案三】:Sam felt so angry that he stormed out of the room, slamming the door furiously behind him.

【答案四】:Boiling with rage, Sam shook his fist at me.

【答案五】:Filled with fury, Sam was unable to utter a single word.

5

情绪描写之伤心痛苦

sad; bitter; sorrowful; feel a surge of sadness; (sadness) surge within sb; one’s heart ache; be overcome with sadness

练一练:

她伤心不已。

【答案一】:She felt extremely sad.

【答案二】:A sadness came over her.

【答案三】:Her heart ached, tears streaming down her cheeks.

【答案四】:Numb with grief, she became speechless.

【答案五】:Feeling a surge of sadness, she couldn’t help crying bitterly.

【答案六】:Sadness surging within her, she burst into tears.

6

情绪描写之哭

cry; sob; weep; burst into tears; burst out crying; (one’s eyes) brim with/be full of/be filled with tears

练一练:

他哽咽欲哭。

【答案】:A lump came to his throat.

她的双眼哭得通红

【答案】:Her eyes were red from crying.

她的眼里满含泪水。

【答案】:Her eyes brimmed with tears.

眼泪沿着她的面颊流下来.

【答案】:Tears coursed/trickled/streamed/ran down her cheeks.

Oliver 独自一人在房间里流下了孤独伤心的泪水

【答案】:Alone in the room, Oliver cried bitter, lonely tears.

Wilbur哭着直到睡着。

【答案】:Wilbur cried himself to sleep.

六、情绪描写之害怕:

frightened; panicked; scared; speechless; in (a) panic; in a cold sweat; be full of fear; be filled with terror; be rooted to the spot; freeze; run away; flee; one’s knees feel weak; (hands) sweat;

练一练:

我感到很害怕。

【答案一】:I felt very frightened/scared/panicked.

【答案二】:I was in (a) panic/ was full of fear.

【答案三】:I stood rooted to the spot, brimming with fear/filled with fear.

【答案四】:I felt so scared that my throat tightened and my knees felt weak.

【答案五】:I froze with terror, too scared to move.

【答案六】:I was seized by a strong sense of horror; my palms sweating.