①Lily smiled happily.
②Lily wore a shining smile on her face.
分析: ①句中“smile”是一个笼统的描述微笑的词汇，而②句中使用了wore a shining smile，用词组的形式更加突出细节，展示了细微和精致的“微笑”。
在进行人物心理描写时, 尽量避免平铺直叙, 可以多采用如非谓语动词的形式, 作为谓语动作的伴随状态, 从而使得描写到位, 并体现语法结构的多样性。如:
①Her eyes were filled with tears, and she offered her sincerethanks to the man.
②Tears filling her eyes, she offered her sincere thanks tothe man.
分析:①句在描写心理活动“哭泣”时，用到了Her eyes were filled with tears。而②句则把这句改成了独立主格结构，运用了Tears filling her eyes，更显得描写的细致，同时也体现了句式的多样化，展示了高超的语言运用能力。
①The smile on her face shone like a diamond.
②I feel like I am floating in an ocean of sadness.
分析: ①句中, 把“微笑”比喻成“像钻石一样闪闪发光”; 而②句中，把“悲伤”比喻成“漂浮在悲伤的海洋里”，展示了用修辞来体现细节描写的丰富。
a bright/shining smile灿烂的微笑
a mixture of excitement and happiness既兴奋又开心
burst into laughter/burst out laughing突然大笑起来
be wild with joy/delight欣喜若狂
be joyful about/at/over对……很高兴
be in high spirits情绪高涨
be pleased beyond description快乐难以言表
be content/satisfied with对……满意
be delighted at对……很高兴
be sad at heart心里悲伤
be down in spirits情绪低落
an ocean of sadness悲伤的海洋
burst into tears/burst out crying大哭起来
be clouded with grief阴沉的悲伤
be in low spirits情绪低落
fall into despair陷入绝望
have a worried look愁眉苦脸
be very angry at对……很生气
be seized by anger充满愤怒
be fuming with rage大发雷霆
tremble with anger愤怒得颤抖
a look of burning anger愤怒的一眼
glare at sb.怒视
be in a rage一怒之下
be mad at对……生气
One day, my brother and I were alone in our apartment. Thereason was that my parents had both gone for a ball party and had left me incharge of everything. I was doing my homework while my younger brother waswatching TV. All of a sudden, the doorbell rang. Ding-dong! Ding-dong! My youngerbrother had rushed to the door before I decided to answer the door. We boththought that our parents had come home.As a result,he unlocked the door andopened it.
Outside of the house stood a man who wore a black raincoatand black rubber boots. He looked no different from other people and he saidthat he was a salesman and asked politely if our mother or father was at homeso he could talk with them.
Without any thinking, my brother said, “No.”He asked if wewould like to buy some comic books, which he was selling. I quickly explainedto him that we were not supposed to buy anything without our parents’permission. However, it seemed that he was not willing to follow my advice andhe had an intention to enter our house.
Then, I realized something terrible would happen. As I wasabout to close the door, he forced his way into our house. He took out a knifeand forced me to tie up my brother’s hands with some rope which he took outfrom his pocket. I tied up his hands but I tied in a special way so my brothercould untie himself as we often did. The man then tied my hands up and lockedboth of us in the kitchen.
Soon, he went upstairs to search the bedroom for somethingvaluable. I managed to teach my brother to untie the rope on his hands. He thenuntied me. I rushed to the telephone to call the police, but the line was dead.
The doors were all locked from the outside and what’s worse, Idid not have the keys.
Just at the same time our parents came back home.
The doors were all locked from the outside and what’s worse,I did not have the keys. But luckily, the man forgot to lock the kitchenwindow. Both my brother and I managed to get out of the house through thewindow with joy and we ran to the nearby police station, nervously but happily,where we asked them for help. The police bravely arrived at our house as soonas possible. And as a result, the man was caught, which made us very happy.
Just at the same time our parents came back home. The policeasked my family to go to the police station. It was at there the police told usthat the man was a wanted robber pretending to sell comic books and they hadbeen looking for him for a long time. The police praised my brother and me forour braveness. Back home, I told my parents the whole story about the robberywith a mixture of excitement and happiness. They were thankful that we were nothurt but they scolded me for not stopping my brother from opening the door tostrangers. I learned a lesson on safety and responsibility.